Internet Video Series, Part 2
Episode 16, Segment 01 of 09
Configuring Your Internet Connection Part 2: Static IP Configuration
In the AskMisterWizard.com movie entitled "Configuring Your Internet Connection Part 1: The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol", you learned that every time you connect a computer or router to the Internet, you will be expected to provide important details describing your immediate pathway out to the rest of the world. Four items of information will almost always be required:
1 of 4: Your IP address
2 of 4: A - "Netmask" - indicating the size of your local IP subnet
3 of 4: IP Address of your subnet's Default Gateway
4 of 4: IP Address of an available Domain Name Server
If you haven't already seen that - "Part 1" - movie, then you really ought to watch it before proceeding here, because this movie builds on those concepts.
The methods by which your computers and equipment learn their IP configuration details fall into two broad categories as follows:
1 of 2: They can be automatically configured with a "dynamic" IP address,
2 of 2: They can be manually configured with a "static" IP address.
Most people start out using the first of these options, resulting in - "dynamic" IP addresses, as described in - "Configuring Your Internet Connection Part 1". Later, as they become more experienced and as they activate increasingly sophisticated services, it is commonplace to configure some of their equipment with static IP addresses.
Where that - "Part 1" - movie relied on the automated DHCP protocol to configure your Internet connection, this new - "Part 2" - movie will show you how to learn and configure the specific values that you might want to use for more advanced services.
We will use Microsoft's popular - "Windows XP" operating system as the basis for most of the illustrated dialogs and menus. Although routers or computers using other operating systems will not look exactly like Windows XP, most of them use the same vocabulary and request this same information in substantially the same way. The general principles of router management are described in the AskMisterWizard.com movie entitled "Managing Your Network Equipment With Your Web Browser". If you haven't seen that movie yet, you should watch it now, and you should use those principles to learn and write down the values your NAT router has set up for local static IP addresses, Netmask, Default Gateway, and DNS server(s) in use on your local subnet. You should also learn whether your Internet Service Provider has provided a - Dynamic- or a - Static - IP address for the external interface of your NAT router. In all probability this will be a dynamic IP address unless you have paid extra fees to your ISP.